Lexicon

Welcome to AHRMM's healthcare supply chain Lexicon. This database contains terms used throughout the healthcare supply chain field. Simply click on the link to access the entire definition.

AHRMM thanks Kate Vitasek and Supply Chain Visions for their contribution of certain terms to the Lexicon. Terms supplied by Supply Chain Visions are used with permission. Supply Chain Vision’s Glossary of Supply Chain Management Terms appears on the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals website. AHRMM also acknowledges Michael B. Neely with Perimeter Solutions Group for his role in developing healthcare-specific terms.

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Source:
= definition provided by CSCMP
= definition provided by AHRMM
  • A/P

    See Accounts Payable
  • A/R

    See Accounts Receivable
  • A3 Method

    The A3 system is a means of describing a business process in a compact form. It was originally created by the Toyota Motor Corporation and was named for the paper size on which it was printed: A3 (11" x 17"). Toyota used the A3 methodology to help develop its famed Toyota Production System (TPS).
  • Abandonment

    (1) The decision of a carrier to give up or to discontinue service over a route. Railroads must seek ICC permission to abandon routes. (2) As in the phrase "call abandonment". This refers to people who, being placed on hold in an incoming call, elect to hang up ("abandon") the call. Call centers monitor closely the "abandonment rate" as a measure of their inefficiency.
  • ABB

    See Activity Based Budgeting
  • ABC

    See Activity Based Costing
  • ABC Classification

    Classification of a group of items in decreasing order of annual dollar volume or other criteria. This array is then split into three classes called A, B, and C. The A group represents the largest group from a financial movement perspective with 10 to 20% by number of items, and 50 to 70% by projected dollar volume. The next grouping, B, represents about 20% of the items and about 20% of the dollar volume. The C-class contains 60 to 70% of the items, and represents about 10 to 30% of the dollar volume.