Lexicon

Welcome to AHRMM's healthcare supply chain Lexicon. This database contains terms used throughout the healthcare supply chain field. Simply click on the link to access the entire definition.

AHRMM thanks Kate Vitasek and Supply Chain Visions for their contribution of certain terms to the Lexicon. Terms supplied by Supply Chain Visions are used with permission. Supply Chain Vision’s Glossary of Supply Chain Management Terms appears on the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals website. AHRMM also acknowledges Michael B. Neely with Perimeter Solutions Group for his role in developing healthcare-specific terms.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 123

Suggest additions or edits to a Lexicon term.
Download a pdf version of the Lexicon, updated monthly.

Source:
= definition provided by CSCMP
= definition provided by AHRMM
  • Dangerous Goods

    Articles or substances capable of posing significant health, safety, or environmental risk, and that ordinarily require special attention including packaging and labeling when stored or transported. Also referred to as Hazardous Goods or Hazardous Materials (HazMat).
  • Dashboard

    A performance measurement tool used to capture a summary of the Key Performance Indicators(KPIs)/metrics of a company. Metrics dashboards/scorecards should be easy to read and usually have "red, yellow, green" indicators to flag when the company is not meeting its metrics targets. Ideally, a dashboard/scorecard should be cross-functional in nature and include both financial and non-financial measures. In addition, scorecards should be reviewed regularly - at least on a monthly basis and weekly in key functions such as manufacturing and distribution where activities are critical to the success of a company. The dashboard/scorecards philosophy can also be applied to external supply chain partners such as suppliers to ensure that supplier's objectives and practices align. Synonym: Scorecard.
  • Dashboard

    A performance measurement tool used to capture a summary of the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)/metrics of an organization or department. Metrics dashboards/scorecards should be easy to read. Ideally, a dashboard/scorecard should be cross-functional in nature and include both financial and non-financial measures. In addition, scorecards should be reviewed regularly - at least on a monthly basis and weekly in key functions such as customer service, purchasing and distribution where activities are critical to the success of the supply chain. The dashboard/scorecards philosophy can also be applied to external supply chain partners such as suppliers to ensure that supplier's objectives and practices align.
  • Data Communications

    The electronic transmission of data, usually in computer readable form, using a variety of transmission vehicles and paths.
  • Data Dictionary

    Lists the data elements for which standards exist. The Joint Electronic Document Interchange (JEDI) committee developed a data dictionary that is employed by many EDI users.
  • Data Interchange Standards Association (DISA)

    The secretariat, which provides clerical and administrative support to the ASC X12 Committee.
  • Data Mining

    The process of extracting and analyzing data, typically from a computer database, to gather knowledge about hidden patterns or unknown relationships in order to achieve specific business objectives.